Headache Education Center

Trigeminal neuralgia


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Description


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This type of facial pain has also been called tic douloureux. The pain occurs in one or more of the three areas of the trigeminal nerve in the face (forehead, cheek, chin). The pain occurs in sudden random attacks lasting from a fraction of a second to 2 minutes, and is of severe intensity. It is described as electric shock-like, stabbing, shooting, or sharp, and is triggered by stimuli to the affected side of the face such as touching, talking, brushing teeth, chewing, or cold air.